Microbial Endocrinology as a Framework for understanding the Avian Microbiome in a Post-Antibiotic World

Targeting Microbiota 2021 Joshua LyteDr. Joshua Lyte  from USDA Agricultural Research Service, USA will join the Targeting Microbiota 2021 Congress and will give a presentation entitled "Microbial Endocrinology as a Framework for Understanding the Avian Microbiome in a Post-Antibiotic World".

In his talk, Dr. Lyte will highlight about: The poultry industry has supplemented feed with antibiotics for decades in order to improve avian growth performance, maintain intestinal health, and suppress colonization by foodborne pathogens that cause severe diseases in human consumers. With this decades-old practice of antibiotic feed supplementation rapidly coming to an end, the poultry industry is examining how the microbiome can be harnessed to promote intestinal health and prevent colonization by foodborne pathogens. The evolutionary, neurochemical-based, cross-talk between the microbiome and the host, known as microbial endocrinology, provides a framework to elucidate the mechanisms by which the microbiome influences poultry health and exclusion of foodborne pathogens. As members of the microbiota both produce and recognize the same neurochemicals that are produced by the host’s intestinal nervous system and enteroendocrine cells, use of a microbial endocrinology-based context represents a unique approach to identify relevant mechanisms as well as design interventions to promote poultry health, and ultimately human health as well.


Targeting Microbiota 2021 Congress
October 20-22, 2021 - Paris, France & Online